A family band consists of a stallion, his mares, and their offspring. After the colts reach two years old, they are subject to being ejected from the band by the ever protective stallion, who is the epitome of macho and the source of the term “stud”— who is always defending his mares from theft by other band stallions or from bachelor studs trying to start their own bands.

Meet Bolder and family, grazing atop the mountains a week before 2009 Pryor Mountain Roundup.Mildly curious, his buckskin daughter, Jewel, watches me photographing her family. As is the custom of foals, Jewel stays very close to her mother, aunts, and father, the handsome smokey palomino named Bolder, Cloud’s son.

The Pryor Mountain wild horse herd of currently around 169 horses is the only remaining wild horse herd in the state of Montana.   These horses live atop the Pryor Mountains in the summer.  

In September 2009, the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) scheduled Cattoor Livestock Roundups, who specializes in capturing wild horses by chasing them into a pen with a helicopter, to come catch all the Prior Mountain wild horses in order to remove them down to 120 horses.  There were around 190 horses at the time:  beautiful, healthy horses, as you can see.

Their other purpose for the capture was to treat all the mares over one year old with an infertility drug called PZP  The herd lives on a 40,000-acre wild horse range.  BLM wanted to remove the horses down to only 90 − 120 animals, ignoring Dr. Gus Cothrans, their consulting expert equine geneticist, who has repeatedly cautioned BLM that 150 adult reproduction-capable animals is the “rock bottom” number needed to ensure healthy, genetically sound future generations. 

The run down the mountain was 10.8 miles as the crow files, but horses aren’t crows. Horses zig-zag to try evading the helicopter, so these animals ran 13 − 20 miles.

There is no legal limit as to how far the helicopter can stampede the horses, and that is something wild horse advocates are working hard to change so that people can be held accountable to truly humane standards which do not change depending on who is in charge that day.

Several family bands are driven into the trap pen. The bands must be separated quickly into separate pens, or the stallions will fight over the mares.

We were positioned by BLM and roundup staff, hidden behind jute fabric like you see in the photo above, so we could only see the final moments of the chase, with the helicopter coming in very close to the horses to pressure them into the trap.  

They will follow the “Judas horse,” so named because he is a domestic horse trained to gallop hard and fast into the trap, thereby leading the frightened wild horses who are falsely encouraged to run, upon seeing a fellow horse galloping confidently forward, right into the trap.  

Little Jewel sleeps in the pen surrounded by her protective band.

Remember lovely little Adelina and her young momma, Halcyon, from my first post?  They were not rounded up, were spared the long, hot run many miles down into the pens.  What a relief!   A baby horse’s hooves are not yet hard enough to withstand much of anything.

In the only roundup of its kind, the stallion, Bolder, is permitted to stay with his band.  In all other BLM roundups, stallions are separated from mares in the trap pen.  If they are to be returned to the wild, they are returned separately — mares with mares, and studs with studs —  and, unbelievably, the stallion has to go about rebuilding his family, fighting off other studs to do so.  This causes extreme social chaos, and the National Academy of Sciences Study of the Wild Horse and Burro Program recently found this to be one many ills plaguing this program.

Here, the horses are exhausted but calm; they are together in their family. The blue dots mean they are the fortunate ones who will be returned to the range; the pilot can see the dot and will not attempt to recapture them if they are still capturing horses when Bolder’s band is released.


After running for over an hour a minimum of 12 miles down the mountain, descending 5,000 on rocky terrain while keeping pace with the adults, an exhausted Jewel gets restorative sleep safely surrounded by her family.

However, these little foals in the video weren’t as fortunate.  The smallest one was supposed to be released with her mother, but her injuries were too pronounced, and she was kept in captivity to be treated.

Next time we will see the horses released and see what a noble wild stallion does when a family member is taken and he is set free.  I hope this wasn’t too much information for you.  Please let me know your thoughts.  Thank you for coming along to share my Wild Horse Times!

I remain
for the wild horses and their stalwart burro friends, captive and free,
for all who came before and all those yet to be,

Elyse Gardner



  1. I wish you had divided up this article into more posts that can be expanded on. I would be interested in more detail on why the BLM does this, specifically what is happening to the horses, what is the real harm in allowing the horses to roam free, etc. Interesting topic. CS57.11

  2. Hello Elyse, I came to your page after exchanging comments with you on YouTube. I LOVE this story about Bolder and his family and am so happy to see that he still is in the Pryor Mountains with his family. I was equally touched to see Blue Sioux and Red Raven together with their daughter and her foal. However, I noticed that the pics were dated in 2009. Are these bands still together? And does Cloud still have a band? My favorite mares were mares that Cloud had: Aztec, Velvet, his daughter Firestorm, and his other daughter by Sitka, I think her name is Jasmine, but I don’t really remember the name. She is the mother of Image. I loved how Jasmine stayed with her father Cloud through the years, even as she had one foal after the other and she never joined another band. After watching the Cloud movies, I read tons of blogs by horse advocates/watchers that updated on the horses, but there was never much on cloud, bolder, or flint(or as some call him Blue moon, I believe). Does Cloud still have the same band and is he still producing foals with his mares? He is such a dedicated father and husband to his mares. I cried when I saw a video that was taken after only some of his band was released back and he kept trying to snake his family back to retrieve them. It just shows how much family means to these horses and that they are no different than people in that we love and need our families. That fact can be attributed to Cloud’s daughters staying in his band for so long. They could have joined other bands, but stayed with their father, even after having foals by other stallions. I think it’s so disturbing that the BLM keeps dwindling down the population of horses in the Pryors and in the other wild horse populated regions in the U.S., despite the warnings of the small amounts being unhealthy to horse populations. How are they going to be able to sustain their populations when the BLM keeps taking thousands off the land and darting the mares with the infertility drugs that aren’t even 100% sure of only working for the short time that they claim they will work? I know that you and many others are working to help sustain and possibly grow these wild horse populations, but I must know, is it paying off? Are your efforts working to possibly ensure that these horses will get to stay on “their home?” I really hope so. I hope to come to one of the wild horse regions one day to see a wild horse. I have never seen one before and I would love to be able to see one in person. Please keep up the good work!


    (Hangoookyujah on YouTube)

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